Forty Niner Two

Ordeal By Fire

San Francisco in the early years must be considered, aside from the interest of its picturesqueness and aside from its astonishing growth, as a crucible of character. Men had thrown off all moral responsibility. Gambling, for example, was a respectable amusement. People in every class of life frequented the gambling saloons openly and without thought …

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A Chronicle of the California Trail and El Dorado

A Chronicle of the California Trail and El Dorado, by Stewart Edward White. Spanish Days The American Occupation Law – Military and Civil Gold Across The Plains The Mormons The Way By Panama The Diggings The Urban Forty-Niner Ordeal By Fire The Vigilantes Of ’51 San Francisco In Transition The Storm Gathers The Storm Breaks …

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The discovery of gold–made, as everyone knows, by James Marshall, a foreman of Sutter’s, engaged in building a sawmill for the Captain–came at a psychological time. [1]January 24, 1848, is the date usually given. The Mexican War was just over and the adventurous spirits, unwilling to settle down, were looking for new excitement. Furthermore, the …

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The Diggings

The two streams of immigrants, by sea and overland, thus differed, on the average, in kind. They also landed in the country at different points. The overlanders were generally absorbed before they reached San Francisco. They arrived first at Fort Sutter, whence they distributed themselves; or perhaps they even stopped at one or another of …

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Across The Plains

The overland migration attracted the more hardy and experienced pioneers, and also those whose assets lay in cattle and farm equipment rather than in money. The majority came from the more western parts of the then United States, and therefore comprised men who had already some experience in pioneering. As far as the Mississippi or …

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